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Teaching Electronic Advocacy

This page includes resources for instructors and trainers who want to help others to use the Internet in changing public policy. In creating this page, I am making the assumption that cutting edge technology is most appropriate for teaching new ways of practice. This means using many of the tools that on-line advocates use to deliver advocacy.  

I began integrating this content into my regular courses many years ago. I found it fitted well with other advocacy content. This is not a fad or a distraction--its expected content on advocacy.

I would encourage anyone who is interested in adding this exciting new material to a course to look at what other people are doing on the Internet.  I've had wonderful conversations with people at many universities all over the globe.  


Web-based Education


Albright, M.J. & Graf, D. L. (1992). Instructional technology and the faculty member. New directions for teaching and learning. 51, 7-15

Arons, D. (1999). Teaching nonprofit advocacy : a resource guide. Washington, DC: Independent Sector.

Barretta, C. (2000) The Electronic Advocacy Project: Integrating Technology in the Macro Practice Class and Across the Curriculum. Paper presented to the 18th Annual Baccalaureate Program Directors Conference Destin, Florida,  October 18-21, 2000.

Brady, S. R., Young, J. A., & McLeod, D. A. (2015). Utilizing digital advocacy in community organizing: Lessons learned from organizing in virtual spaces to promote worker rights and economic justice. Journal of Community Practice, 23(2), 255-273.

Brooks, D. W. (1997). Web-teaching. New York: Plenum.

Brown, M. G. (2016). Blended instructional practice: A review of the empirical literature on instructors' adoption and use of online tools in face-to-face teaching. The Internet and Higher Education, 31, 1-10.

Dertouzos, M. (1997). What will be: How the new world of information will change our lives. New York: Harper-Collins.

FitzGerald, E. & McNutt, J.G. (1997, March). Electronic advocacy in policy practice: A framework for teaching technologically based practice. Paper read at the 1997 CSWE Annual Program Meeting, Chicago, IL.

Fleisher, C.S. (2001) The state of North American higher education in corporate public affairs. Journal of Public Affairs 1 (4): 436–440.

Fleisher, C.S. (2007) Developing the public affairs body of knowledge. Journal of Public Affairs 7 (3): 281–290.

Flynn, J. (1990). Using the computer to teach and learn social policy: A report from the classroom and the field. Computers in Human Services, 5, 199-209.

Flynn, J. (1987). Simulating policy processes through electronic mail. Computers in human services., 2 (1/2), 13-26.

Frey, G. (1987). Toward a Conceptual Framework for Policy Related Practice. Paper presented at the Council on Social Work Education Annual Program Meeting, St. Louis, MO.

Gerbil, H. & Steyaert, J. (1995). Social Informatics: Beyond Technology. A Research Project in Schools of Social Work in the European Community. International Social Work, 38, (2), 151-164.

Gess, J. (2016). Social justice in counselor education: Teaching advocacy across the core. Journal of Counselor Leadership and Advocacy, 3(2), 124-134.

Goldkind, L. (2015). Leaning out: Exploring organizational advocacy activities from an open systems perspective. Journal of Policy Practice, 14(3-4), 191-211.

Green, E. J., McCollum, V. C., & Hays, D. G. (2008). Teaching advocacy counseling within a social justice framework: Implications for school counselors and educators. Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology, 1(2), 14-30.

Griffin, P., & Thurber, J. A. (2015). Teaching public policy advocacy by combining academic knowledge and professional wisdom. Interest Groups & Advocacy, 4(1), 40-51.

Guskin, A. (1994). Restructuring the role of the faculty. Change. 26 September/October, 16-25.

Hamilton D. & Fauri D. (2001). Social workers' political participation: strengthening the political confidence of social work students. Journal of Social Work Education. 37(2), 321-332.

Hawkins, R. L. (1994). Teaching teachers how to teach with technology: Do’s and don’ts. The Computing teacher. 16-17.

Hearne, S. A. (2008). Practice-based teaching for health policy action and advocacy. Public Health Reports, 123(2_suppl), 65-70.

Hoefer, R. (2015).
Advocacy practice for social justice. Oxford University Press.

Holyoke, T. T., Brown, H., & LaPira, T. M. (2015). Learnable skills, or unteachable instinct? What can and what cannot be taught in the lobbying profession. Interest Groups & Advocacy, 4(1), 7-24.

Jensen, R. (1993). The technology of the future is already here. Academe. July-August, 8-13,

Langrehr, J. (1993). Learning how to question information. Teaching thinking and problem solving. 15 (1), 1,4.

Lasarenko, J. (1997). Wired for learning: Harness the power of the Internet for education. Indianapolis: Que Books.

Marlowe, H. (2015). The role of education in advancing the lobbying profession. Interest Groups & Advocacy, 4(1), 65-75.

McClendon, J., Lane, S. R., Ostrander, J., & Smith, T. R. (2020). Training social workers for political engagement: Exploring regional differences in the United States. Journal of Teaching in Social Work, 40(2), 147-168.

McGrath, C. (2005) Towards a lobbying profession: Developing the industry’s reputation, education and representation. Journal of Public Affairs 5 (2): 124–135.

McNutt, J.G. & Boland, K.M. (1998). Teaching about advocacy and the Internet: Strategies for social welfare policy courses. Social Welfare Policy: The Newsletter of the social welfare policy and practice group. 4 (1), 3-6.

McNutt, J.G. & Boland, K.M. (2003). Another look at teaching about advocacy on the Internet: Suggestions for social welfare policy courses. In Jansson, B.S. Innovative ways to teach policy practice and policy advocacy. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole, 7-11.

McNutt, J.G. (2000). Organizing Cyberspace: Strategies for Teaching About Community Practice and Technology. The Journal of community practice, 7 (1), 95-109.

Milone, M. N. (1996). On the virtual campaign trail. Technology and Learning, 63-67. 

Pence, E. K., & Kaiser, M. L. (2022). Elected office as a social work career trajectory: insights from political social workers. Journal of Social Work Education, 1-15.

Raber M. & Richter J. (1999). Bringing social action back into the social work curriculum: a model for "hands on" learning. Journal of teaching in social work. 19

Sanfelici, M., & Bilotti, A. (2022). Teaching social advocacy in the digital era: An experimental project. Italian Journal of Sociology of Education, 14 (1), 227-245.

Weiss‐Gal, I. (2016). Policy practice in social work education: A literature review.
International Journal of Social Welfare, 25(3), 290-303.

Williams, L. (1998) Teaching cyberian politics. First Monday. Available On line at http://www.firstmonday.dk/issues/issue3_6/williams/index.html

(c) 1998-2023 by John G. McNutt. All Rights Reserved. Limited Permission is Granted for Reproduction for Non-Commercial Educational Purposes provided that the material remain in its original form and proper credit is extended.   Disclaimer:    The content of all linked sites are beyond my control and I assume no responsibility for their content. mcnuttjg at udel.edu Revised 02/20/23